The connection between childhood and poetry runs deep. And yet, poetry written for children has been neglected by criticism and resists prevailing theories of children's literature. Drawing on Walter Ong's theory of orality and on Iain McGilChrist's work on brain function, this book develops a new theoretical framework for the study of children's poetry. From Tongue to Text argues that the poem is a multimodal form that exists in the borderlands between the world of experience and the world of language and between orality and literacy - places that children themselves inhabit. Engaging with a wide range of poetry from nursery rhymes and Christina Rossetti to Michael Rosen and Carol Ann Duffy, Debbie Pullinger demonstrates how these 'tactful' works are shaped by the dynamics of orality and textuality.
Athena is a small city stylist who has recently opened her very own chic boutique, Rella's Closet. She hasn't been the luckiest in love and has yet to learn that her worth isn't determined by the success of her love life. She needs to slow down in love while turning up her passion for fashion. The outspoken, ghetto-fabulous, Zendaya is unsure of her place in this world. Love and happiness are a fantasy a lifetime away, which she doesn't have the desire to sit around waiting for. Her baby girl, Icis, and best friend Athena, give her the focus she needs to move past the pain of her childhood while holding her head high in hope of a pleasant future. She's always been a good loyal friend to Athena, but what happens when a secret threatens to destroy their bond? Andre is a perfect gentleman who has been silently in love with Athena since high school, but just hasn't found the right opportunity to win over her heart. Lorenzo is an Alpha male who goes after what he wants and right now Athena is his target. Can Zendaya's and Athena's friendship overcome a major hurdle? Will Andre win over Athena before Lorenzo's quiet storm sneaks in to steal her heart? And who will have a dramatic revelation? Everyone has choices to make. Athena, Zendaya, Andre, and Lorenzo are all faced with the challenge of not letting their insecurities determine their futures. Life is an experience that we carry with us everywhere, always...Like a tattoo.
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